Skip to main content

Greek OXI (Ochi) Day on the 28th of October 1940

28/10/1940

Celebrated throughout Greece on October 28th each year, Oxi day (pronounced as Ochi day, means "no" day) commemorates the answer of the Greek Ioannis Metaxas, to the Italian ultimatum which asked Greece to allow Italian forces to use the land of Greece for military operations or otherwise face war.

This ultimatum, which was presented to Metaxas by the Italian ambassador in Greece, Grachi, on the dawn (04:00) of October 28, 1940, after a party in the Italian embassy in Athens, was answered with a single word: oxi! (Ochi!)

The attack began at 05:30. Italy invaded Greece through Albania.
Shortly thereafter, Metaxas addressed the Greek people with these words:

"The time has come for Greece to fight for her independence. Greeks, now we must prove ourselves worthy of our forefathers and the freedom they bestowed upon us. Greeks, now fight for your Fatherland, for your wives, for your children and the sacred traditions. Now, over all things, fight!"

The days that followed, fierce battles along the mountain range of Pindus broke out, after. The Greek people responded with decisiveness and rushed to voluntarily enlist in the army. Thanks to the spirit of heroism that characterised the Greek peasants of the mountainous regions of Epirus (who were carrying military supplies on their backs to the front through mountain paths) and the self sacrifice of the Greek soldiers, the Italian attack was pushed back in a few days. What might have seemed to Mussolini as an easy operation soon turned out to be a nightmare, when Greece counter-attacked and forced the Italian army back deep into Albania (14 November 1940 - 6 January 1941).

The Italian attempts to break the Greek lines, until March 1941, were repulsed, with terrible losses from both sides. What made the Greek victory even more remarkable, is the technical and material superiority of the Italian military machine at the time. These events led Winston Churchill to say that "the world will no longer say that Greeks fight as heroes, but heroes fight as Greeks".

Hitler had to intervene to save his ally, and by April 1941, a well coordinated attack of the Nazi army had commenced. This move however cost the Nazis, since military forces had to be occupied in Greece instead of the eastern front (Russia) where war was going to break out soon. Such a delay was evidently costly for Hitler but proved to be another great Hellenic moment…….






Prepared by

Olga Dionysiou Bisbikis

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Top Google Adsense Alternatives

Google Adsense is a web tool that allows publishers in the Google Network of content sites to automatically serve text, image, video, and rich media adverts that are targeted to site content and audience. These adverts are administered, sorted, and maintained by Google, and they can generate revenue on either a per-click or per-impression basis.  Google servers advertisers using google adwords platform, while adsense is the publishers platform. Google Adsense is the top Ad Publishers platform over the web ranking number one in web advertising industry. Adsense offers contextual advertisements that covers web sites, blogs, games, videos, mobile browsing etc. What made Google Adsense no. 1 is the reliability, stability, variety of services and large number of publishers including google it self. Also google has a fair platform that detects invalid clicks so google successfully protects its advertisers and also offers its best publishers top CPC. Two reasons are behind people think

The Semantic Web

Semantic Web aims to create a meaning and define inter-relationship for information available on the web In the early stages of the World Wide Web (web) it was necessary to develop standards to view web content (HTML language) and to create communication channels (N-Tier applications, email, ftp, etc.). As the web started to be the world’s largest knowledge base, accessible world wide, it became important to develop tools to transfer knowledge between cultures. However, it is still not possible for applications and agents to interoperate with other applications and agents without having a predefined, human created common framework of the meaning of the information being transferred on both sides. Semantic Web (SW) alleviates this problem by providing a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application, enterprise, and community boundaries [W3C Semantic Web, 2019]. A clear example on SW application is schema.org. Google, Bing, Yahoo use schema

CFLDAP Add Active Directory User to a Group

I was trying to add a user to a group and had lots of code formatting etc. I was unable to find a straightforward code to help me. I have prepared the below code to help you using CFLDAP and also I will give you an alternative way using the dsmod command line. Lets start first with the CFLDAP: Now lets add an active directory user to a group using command line: When I wrote the above code I added a bulk list of users to a certain Active Directory group. Sometimes the CFLDAP failed so in the cfcatch I called the dsmode using the cfexecute. Why? Some of the user CN names contained special characters like 'bracket (' this caused an error when using the cfldap to add users to the groups so I had to use the cfexcute which succeeded.