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Showing posts from March, 2009

What is WIKI?

A wiki is a software tool designed for publishing web pages by enabling anyone who accesses it to contribute or modify content, using a simplified markup language. Wikis are often used to create collaborative web platform and to power community websites. Wikis are used in businesses to provide affordable and effective intranets and for Knowledge Management.

Wiki was named by Cunningham ( the author of the first wiki), who remembered a Honolulu International Airport counter employee telling him to take the "Wiki Wiki" shuttle bus that runs between the airport's terminals. According to Cunningham, "I chose wiki-wiki as an alliterative substitute for 'quick' and thereby avoided naming this stuff quick-web.” [1] [2]

An example of wiki use is Wikipedia which became the largest knowledge repository over the Web. And the reason behind that is allowing web users to be authors, so anyone who is able to access and read articles published on Wikipedia can also publish th…

The Semantic Web

In the early stages of the World Wide Web (web) it was necessary to develop standards to view web content (HTML language) and to create communication channels (N-Tier applications, email, ftp, etc.). As the web started to be the world’s largest knowledge base, accessible world wide, it became important to develop tools to transfer knowledge between cultures. However, it is still not possible for applications and agents to interoperate with other applications and agents without having a predefined, human created common framework of the meaning of the information being transferred on both sides. Semantic Web (SW) alleviates this problem by providing a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application, enterprise, and community boundaries [W3C Semantic Web, 2005].

In his vision of the SW, Tim Berners-Lee in [Berners-Lee & Fischetti 1999] says:

"I have a dream for the Web [in which computers] become capable of analyzing all the data on the Web – the c…