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What is WIKI?

A wiki is a software tool designed for publishing web pages by enabling anyone who accesses it to contribute or modify content, using a simplified markup language. Wikis are often used to create collaborative web platform and to power community websites. Wikis are used in businesses to provide affordable and effective intranets and for Knowledge Management.

Wiki was named by Cunningham ( the author of the first wiki), who remembered a Honolulu International Airport counter employee telling him to take the "Wiki Wiki" shuttle bus that runs between the airport's terminals. According to Cunningham, "I chose wiki-wiki as an alliterative substitute for 'quick' and thereby avoided naming this stuff quick-web.” [1] [2]

An example of wiki use is Wikipedia which became the largest knowledge repository over the Web. And the reason behind that is allowing web users to be authors, so anyone who is able to access and read articles published on Wikipedia can also publish their own articles. Those articles are later audited and revised by auditors (wiki administrators), then if the article is not suitable for publishing it will be removed. Wiki is one of the most important concepts of Web 2.0 (empowering collaborative content by creating social networks).

Wiki is one of the web 2.0 knowledge management tools that is used for collaboration, where knowledge workers can collaborate, explore ideas and discuss work problems. The advantage of using wiki over other collaboration tools such as forums is that knowledge workers can edit articles published by other members, so more than one member can collaborate to prepare an article if they have access rights. Also authors of articles can track changes to their articles through wiki versioning.

In the photo: Wiki-Wiki Bus Honolulu international airport

[1] Wikipedia
[2] Cunningham, Ward (2003-11-01). Correspondence on the Etymology of Wiki. WikiWikiWeb. Retrieved on 2007-03-09.


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