Skip to main content

Karen Spärck Jones


I would like to introduce this distinguished scientist from my personal experience as I was a PhD student of John I. Tait who was a PhD student of Karen Spärck Jones.

When I started my PhD studies I asked John Tait about new references in the field of cross language information retrieval (CLIR), he told me to go to the library and look for a book called Synonymy and Semantic Classification.

I went to the library and found the book, the book was old issued in 1986 for a PhD thesis wrote in 1964 as I remember. I thought that John Tait made a mistake, and at that time I did not know who Karen Sparck Jones is.

I took the book back home and started reading, I couldn't stop reading the book until I fall into sleep. I figured out that this book was written by a distinguished person.

After few days I had a meeting with John Tait and I told him do you remember the book that you advised me to read? He told me yes what about it? I told him it is an excellent book, the best I ever read. He told me you wanted a recent reference and I gave you a very old one but you like it? I told him this reference is not old the author had a sight for many years forward.

Then after this John Tait wrote a book (Charting a New Course: Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval: Essays in Honour of Karen Spärck Jones) and mentioned this story in the preface.

The research carried out by Karen Sparck Jones and her research students leaded the development of the field of information retrieval and the use of semantic resources to disambiguate query terms.

I will quote here some sentences from her PhD thesis (1964) Synonymy and Semantic Classification:

Requirement for a machine translation dictionary:

“I have been particularly concerned with the problem of finding a general method for constructing a semantic dictionary for machine translation. Such a dictionary must, as we have seen, be both precise and explicit; and it must embody some theory about the way in which words are used” (page 14).

“A machine translation dictionary has to be a dictionary in the ordinary sense: it must give definitions or descriptions of the meanings of words. It must also, however, give some indication of the kind of context in which the words are used, that is must be a 'semantic classification' as well as a dictionary” (page 16).

In relationship of semantic relations to linguistic relations:

“We can put some restriction on the notion of semantic relation, so that the problem of defining relations becomes more manageable. I shall say, therefore, that there is a difference between linguistic relations between words and factual relations between what they stand for, which depends on a distinction between the intra-linguistic use of a word and its extra-linguistic reference” (page 49).

Finally when John Tait asked me if I have in mind a name of an external examiner for PhD viva, that was in early May 2007, I told him anyone other than Karen Spärck Jones, he told me don't worry she passed away last month. a tear dropped from my eye.

I loved this lady while I didn't have the honour to meet her, and I wrote this article in honour of someone that I loved and learned a lot from while I never met.

Mustafa Abusalah, 01-05-2009

For more information about Karen please visit the link here.

Comments

  1. I really like your post. Please keep sharing. The space bar counter is a tool to help you keep track of how far you have come by clicking the space bar. The tool is very easy to use. Refer to my profile spacebar speed calculates and tests your spacebar speed.

    ReplyDelete

Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

Top Google Adsense Alternatives

Google Adsense is a web tool that allows publishers in the Google Network of content sites to automatically serve text, image, video, and rich media adverts that are targeted to site content and audience. These adverts are administered, sorted, and maintained by Google, and they can generate revenue on either a per-click or per-impression basis.  Google servers advertisers using google adwords platform, while adsense is the publishers platform. Google Adsense is the top Ad Publishers platform over the web ranking number one in web advertising industry. Adsense offers contextual advertisements that covers web sites, blogs, games, videos, mobile browsing etc. What made Google Adsense no. 1 is the reliability, stability, variety of services and large number of publishers including google it self. Also google has a fair platform that detects invalid clicks so google successfully protects its advertisers and also offers its best publishers top CPC. Two reasons are behind people think

Error: Write to Disk Access Denied - Troubleshooting - BitTorrent

I have downloaded Bit Torrent software and when trying to download I got an error after few seconds saying: Error: Write to Disk Access Denied Solving this problem is so simple: Shut down BitTorrent program. Go to Start and in the small search box on top of windows start button start typing Bittorrent and the program will show, right click with the mouse on the icon and Run as Administrator. All ur problems are sorted out now and you can enjoy downloading... Good Luck.

IDLE subprocess didn't make connection Python 3.7

After installing Python on Windows 10. When trying to open IDLE, Python's IDE, you might get a  message saying that " IDLE's subprocess didn't make connection . Either IDLE can't start a subprocess or personal firewall software is blocking the connection ". To solve this issue just run IDLE as an Administrator, by right click on the IDLE icon and click Run as administrator. See Photo below: